pressure oxidation refractory gold

Pressure Oxidation Refractory Gold

PRESSURE OXIDATION OF REFRACTORY GOLD ORES: THE …

Pressure Oxidation Pressure oxidation is employed to liberate gold and silver in refractory sulfide concentrates often and ores. The main pressure oxidation products from iron sulfide minerals are sulfuric acid (and metal sulfates) and hematite. Depending on the conditions within the autoclave, acid containing iron compounds can be formed.

Pressure Oxidation | Mining | SGS

The process is particularly well suited for treating refractory gold ores, which give low recovery when directly leached with cyanide. SGS is a world leader in batch and pilot plant testing and flowsheet development for pressure oxidation processing.

Pressure Oxidation of a Refractory Sulfide Concentrate and ...

Pressure oxidation of the refractory sulfide/carbonaceous ores has gained world-wide acceptance. Compared with roasting, pressure oxidation yields higher gold extractions from ores or concentrates and enables better handling of environmentally sensitive impurities. Normally, gold is extracted from neutralized autoclave leach residue by cyanidation.

Refractory Gold Ore Treatment Methods

Pressure oxidation (POX) remains a further option for the oxidation of refractory sulfides. Several projects have been recently constructed: the Killita Project in Finland, the Amursk Project in Russia, the Pueblo Viejo Project in the Dominican Republic, and the MOPU expansion at Lihir.

Basic Iron Sulphate in Pressure Oxidation Processing

Refractory gold concentrates often contain sub-microscopic gold that is encapsulated within the crystal matrix of iron sulphide minerals such as pyrite, pyrrhotite and arsenopyrite. To recover the gold, the host mineral must generally be broken down chemically, by oxidative processes such as roasting, pressure oxidation or bacterial

Pressure Oxidation Process - Outotec

Pressure Oxidation Process; Outotec® Pressure Oxidation Process. Get a comprehensive solution for refractory gold sulfide oxidation from one reliable supplier. The Outotec pressure oxidation process solution offers a sustainable and economical process in a complete pressure oxidation plant with a high level of automation and process control.

Pressure Oxidation - calderaengineering.com

Pressure Oxidation (POX) is a process used to extract gold, copper, zinc, molybdenum, and uranium from refractory ore bodies. The POX process utilizes elevated temperatures (roughly 230 degrees Celsius), elevated pressures (roughly 35 bar or 510 psi), and oxygen to …

Pressure oxidation of pyrite-arsenopyrite refractory gold ...

Pressure oxidation of pyrite-arsenopyrite refractory gold concentrate Article in Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing 49(1):101-109 · January 2013 with 197 Reads How we measure reads

(PDF) Pressure oxidation of double refractory gold ...

The pilot tests results of double refractory concentrates pressure oxidation were introduced. The pressure oxidation approach that allows obtaining high gold recovery from double refractory ...

Gold extraction - Wikipedia

Pressure oxidation; Albion process; The refractory ore treatment processes may be preceded by concentration (usually sulfide flotation). Roasting is used to oxidize both the sulfur and organic carbon at high temperatures using air and/or oxygen. Bio-oxidation involves the use of bacteria that promote oxidation reactions in an aqueous environment.

High Pressure Acid Leach & Pressure Oxidation

Uranium Nickel Gold Copper Cobalt Rare earths Zinc High Pressure Acid Leach (HPAL) and Pressure Oxidation (POX) testing services provide a unique opportunity to evaluate and optimise the most economically viable process routes for the recovery of most metals such as nickel from lateritic ores and gold from refractory ores.

PRESSURE OXIDATION OF PYRITE-ARSENOPYRITE …

Pressure oxidation of pyrite-arsenopyrite refractory gold concentrate 103 Autoclave oxidation tests were conducted in Büchi ecoclave model 075 titanium autoclave. The total volume of the autoclave vessel was about 1.1 dm3 and it was equipped with magnetic agitation unit, …

ACID PRESSURE OXIDATION OF REFRACTORY GOLD MINERAL ...

ACID PRESSURE OXIDATION OF REFRACTORY GOLD MINERAL CARRIERS G.P. Demopoulos and V . G . Papangelakis Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering McGill U n i v e r s i t y , Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2A7 ABSTRACT Acid pressure oxidation is c u r r e n t l y strongly advocated as the most e f f e c t i v e pre treatment method f o r r e f r a c t o r y gold ores and …

ALTA Gold 2012 E-Doc - Albion Process

leaching to the aggressive conditions found in pressure oxidation. The gold and sulphur (sulphides and elemental sulphur) grades relate directly to the economics of the process. Much has been written about the suitability of particular pretreatment processes, such as pressure oxidation, bio oxidation and roasting, for specific ores bodies (1-4 ...

Acid leaching decarbonization and following pressure ...

Jul 16, 2016 · Abstract. Carbonate decomposition of carbonic refractory gold ore and the following pressure oxidation were studied. In the carbonate decomposition procedure, the effects of liquid-to-solid ratio and reaction time on decomposition ratio of carbonate were investigated.

Gold recovery from refractory gold concentrates by ...

Pressure oxidation technology for the treatment of refractory gold concentrates has been deployed in some countries. Shuiyindong gold deposit is one of the Carlin-type deposits which is a typical difficult-to-treat gold deposit, located in Guizhou province in western China. It was the first application of acid pressure oxidation in China.

Pilot plant pressure oxidation of refractory gold-silver ...

Apr 26, 2007 · A pilot plant campaign has been conducted by Sherritt Technologies in support of Eldorado Gold Corporations evaluation of pressure oxidation (POX) technology for the treatment of refractory gold concentrates from the Certej deposit in Romania. Preliminary batch tests indicated that gold extraction ...

Developments in the pretreatment of refractory gold ...

processing refractory gold ores, especially development in the pretreatment of refractory gold minerals by nitric acid. These processes include the high-pressure and the atmospheric-pressure oxidation methods. High-pressure oxidation processes are difficult to carry …

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